PhD Summer School: Remote Sensing for Wind Energy

11 – 15 June 2018
Venue: DTU Wind Energy, Risø Campus, Roskilde

This 4.5-day summer school will focus on advances in remote sensing techniques useful in wind energy. The themes to be covered are development, instrument configuration, signal processing, data analysis and applications of various remote sensing instruments including LIDAR and SAR both ground- and satellite-based instruments. Applied use includes wind resource mapping, wind profiling, power curve, wind loads, turbulence, and wind turbine control. Theoretical aspects of scattering and atmospheric boundary-layer characteristics relevant in remote sensing for wind energy will also be covered. Practical experiments will demonstrate remote sensing methodologies, and advantages and limitations will be discussed.

Charlotte Bay Hasager (chair), Alfredo Pena, Ebba Dellwik, Jakob Mann, Merete Badger, Michael Courtney, Mikael Sjöholm, Nikola Vasiljevic, Paula Gómez, Torben Krogh Mikkelsen, Tobias Ahsbahs, Nikolas Angelou, Elliot Simon

• Dr. Senior Scientist Alfredo Peña, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Senior Scientist Charlotte Bay Hasager, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. David Schlipf, University of Stuttgart, Germany
• Dr. Senior Scientist, Ebba Dellwik, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Associate Professor, Henning Skriver, DTU Space, Denmark
• Professor Jakob Mann, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Jean-Pierre Cariou, Leosphere, France
• Dr. Senior Scientist Merete Badger, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Senior Scientist Michael Courtney, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Senior Scientist Mikael Sjöholm, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Scott Wylie, ZephIR Lidar, United Kingdom
• Dr. Scientist Nikola Vasiljevic, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Senior Wind Energy Analyst Nicolai Nygaard, DONG Energy, Denmark
• Dr. Senior Development Engineer Paula Gómez, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Professor Søren Larsen DTU Wind Energy, Denmark
• Professor Torben Mikkelsen, DTU Wind Energy, Denmark

Secretary: Camilla Brix Olsen 

We plan hands-on exercises. Please bring your laptop.


Credits for the course are 2.5 ECTS. 

This includes 34 hours of preparation time studying the recommended reading:

Chapter 3 Climatological and meteorological aspects of predicting offshore wind energy

Chapter 4: Atmospheric turbulence

Chapter 5 Introduction to continuous-wave

Chapter 6 Pulsed lidars

Chapter 9 Lidars and wind turbine control

Chapter 10 Lidars and wind profiles

in Compendium of the PhD Summer School: Remote Sensing for Wind Energy available at


Chapter 2 Measurement methodologies for wind energy based on ground-level remote sensing in Sven-Erik Gryning, Torben Mikkelsen, Christophe Baehr, Alain Dabas, Paula Gomez, Ewan O’Connor, Lucie Rottner, Mikael Sjöholm, Irene Suomi, Nikola Vasiljevic: Renewable Energy Forecasting 1st Edition Elsevier.

Chapter 4 A time-space synchronization of coherent Doppler scanning lidars for 3D measurements of wind fields in Vasiljevic, N 2014, A time-space synchronization of coherent Doppler scanning lidars for 3D measurements of wind fields. Ph.D. thesis, DTU Wind Energy. DTU Wind Energy PhD, no. 0027(EN)
Airborne lidar at

Boudreault, L-E., Bechmann, A., Taryainen, L., Klemedtsson, L., Shendryk, I., & Dellwik, E. (2015). A LiDAR method of canopy structure retrieval for wind modeling of heterogeneous forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 201, 86-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.10.014

Dagestad, K. F., Horstmann, J., Mouche, A., Perrie, W., Shen, H., Zhang, B., ... & Badger, M. (2012). Wind retrieval from synthetic aperture radar - an overview. In 4th SAR Oceanography Workshop (SEASAR 2012).

GUM: Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement

Lange, J, Mann, J, Angelou, N, Berg, J, Sjöholm, M& Mikkelsen, TK2016, 'Variations of the Wake Height over the Bolund Escarpment Measured by a Scanning Lidar'Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol 159, pp. 147–159. DOI:10.1007/s10546-015-0107-8

Larsen, SE 1993, Observing and modelling the planetary boundary layer. in E Raschke & D Jacob (eds), Energy and water cycles in the climate system. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 365-418. NATO Advanced Study Institute Series I: Global environmental change, 5

Mann, J., et al: Complex terrain experiments in the New European Wind Atlas. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 375, no 2091, 20160101 (2017) 10.1098/rsta.2016.0101

Peña A. (2009) Sensing the wind profile. Risø-PhD-45(EN), Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde.

Sathe, A, Mann, J, Gottschall, J& Courtney, M2011, 'Can Wind Lidars Measure Turbulence?'Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol 28, no. 7, pp. 853-868. DOI:10.1175/JTECH-D-10-05004.1

Sathe, A& Mann, J2013, 'A review of turbulence measurements using ground-based wind lidars'Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol 6, pp. 3147–3167. DOI:10.5194/amt-6-3147-2013

Sjöholm, M., Angelou, N., Hansen, P., Hansen, K. H., Mikkelsen, T., Haga, S., ... Starsmore, N. (2014). Two Dimensional Rotorcraft Downwash Flow Field Measurements by Lidar-Based Wind Scanners with Agile Beam Steering. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31(4), 930-937. DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00010.1

Vasiljevic, N., & Courtney, M. (2017). Accuracy of dual-Doppler lidar retrievals of near-shore winds Kgs. Lyngby: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU). WindEurope Resource Assessment Workshop 2017, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 16/03/2017

Vasiljević, N.; Lea, G.; Courtney, M.; Cariou, J.-P.; Mann, J.; Mikkelsen, T. Long-Range WindScanner System. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 896.

Vasiljević, N., Palma, J. M. L. M., Angelou, N., Matos, J.C., Menke, R., Lea, G., Mann, J., Courtney, M., Ribeiro, L.F.,and Gomes, V. M. M. G. C. Perdigão 2015: methodology for atmospheric multi-Doppler lidar experiments. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 3463-3483, 2017

Wagner et al., Accounting for the wind speed shear in wind turbine power performance measurement, Wind Energy. 2011; 14:993–1004. doi: 10.1002/we.509

Wagner et al., Uncertainty of power curve measurement with a two-beam nacelle-mounted lidar. Wind Energy. 2015; 19:1269–1287. doi: 10.1002/we.1897

Cost for participants:
250 euros per PhD students 
2000 euros per non-PhD students

Deadline for registration:  15 May 2018

Register for the course  (link)

The registration fee covers participation in the summer school, course material and listing of recommended reading, lunches and coffee breaks from Monday to Friday. 

Registration DOES NOT include the hotel booking.

For further details e-mail Charlotte Hasager at

Learning objectives:

A student who has met the objectives of the course will be able to:
• To explain basic principles of continuous-wave and pulsed Doppler lidar for wind energy
• To be able to interpret and analyse wind lidar data
• To describe ground-based and nacelle lidar used in power curve measurements
• To explain the basic principles of lidars for wind farm control
• To explain remote sensing techniques for observing turbulence and understand why lidars are not measuring the same turbulence as in-situ sensors
• To describe the capabilities and limitations of continuous-wave and pulsed Doppler lidar for measuring the wind flow over complex terrain
• To list the sensors needed to measure physical parameters related to the wind profile
• To be able to reconstruct orthogonal wind components from line-of-sight speeds
• To understand the main sources of uncertainty that impact lidar accuracy
• To develop a typical measurement plan using remote sensing devices for wind data
• To explain the basic principle of radar for wind and wake
• To gain an overview of meteorological parameters related to the use of wind lidar, aerial lidar and radar
• To understand temporal scales of flow characterization, main methods for wind resource assessment and major differences between on-shore and offshore flow related to wind energy
• To explain the basic principles of airborne lidar for land surface characterization
• To explain the principle behind Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) wind retrieval over the ocean




11th June


12th June


13th June


14th June


15th June

09:00 – 10:00

Welcome and introduction

Head of Department Peter Hauge Madsen,

Dr. Charlotte Hasager

Introduction to continuous wave lidar
Dr. Scott Wylie

Lidars for wind turbine control
Dr. David Schlipf


Scanning wind lidars
Prof. Torben Mikkelsen

Introduction to SAR
Dr. Henn
ing Skriver

10:00 – 11:00

Introduction to remote sensing
Prof. Torben Mikkelsen

Exercise in continuous wave lidar


Dr. Mike Courtney, Mr. Nikolas Angelou

Introduction to radar for wind and wake

Dr. Nicolai Nygaard

Lidar in complex terrain
Prof. Jakob Mann

SAR for wind energy
Dr. Merete Badger

11:00 – 12:00

Meteorology background

Prof. Søren Larsen

Accuracy of scanning lidar Dr. Nikola Vasiljevic

Exercise lidar data Dr. Mikael Sjöholm, Prof. Jakob Mann

Exercise in SAR

Dr. Merete Badger,

Dr. Tobias Ahsbahs

12:00 – 13:00

Lunch picnic and walk


Lunch picnic and walk



13:00 – 14:00

Aerial lidar for surface characterization

Dr. Ebba Dellwik

Pulsed lidars for wind energy
Dr. Jean-Pierre Cariou

Exercise how to install a lidar Dr. Nikola Vasilievic, Mr. Elliot Simon

Prof. Jakob Mann

Lidars and power curves
Dr. Paula Gomez

14:00 – 15:00

Exercise in aerial lidar

Dr. Ebba Dellwik

Exercise in pulsed lidar

Dr. Mike Courtney, Mr. Elliot Simon


Lidars and wind profiles
Dr. Alfredo Peña

Lidars and turbulence
Prof. Jakob Mann

Summary session

Dr. Charlotte Hasager

15:00 – 16:00

Introduction to wind power meteorology

Prof. Rebecca Barthelmie

Demonstration of multiple lidar systems

Dr. Mikael Sjöholm, Mr. Nikolas Angelou

Exercise in lidars and wind profiles

Dr. Alfredo Peña, Dr. Nikola Vasiljevic.

Exercise in lidar and turbulence

Prof.Jakob Mann,
Dr. Mikael Sjöholm

Evaluation and closing

Dr. Charlotte Hasager

16:00 – 17:00

Icebreaker reception

Head of Section, Dr. Hans E. Jørgensen







You are invited to submit an article to the Special Issue “Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Conditions for Wind Energy Applications” in Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing is an Open Access Journal by MPDI.

Attendees and contributors in the PhD Summer School: Remote Sensing for Wind Energy 2018 may have a discount for well-prepared papers.

Message from the Guest Editors Charlotte Bay Hasager and Mikael Sjöholm:

Dear Colleagues,

We welcome submission on all aspects of remote sensing for wind energy and atmospheric boundary-layer application.

Deadline is September 1st, 2018. For further information please visit



Charlotte Bay Hasager
Senior Scientist
DTU Wind Energy
+45 46 77 50 14